CHINESE HAND LAUNDRY ALLIANCE MEMBERS AT BEAR MOUNTAIN ca. 1930s-1940s, Collection of Betty Yu

In the face of daunting barriers and widespread racism, in the 1930s Chinese American workers in Lower Manhattan’s Chinatown demanded improved labor rights, connected with groups in the global anti-imperialist movement, and resisted longstanding, legalized discrimination. ... Read More

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  • EUGENE MOY
    EUGENE MOY
  • SUI WOO
    SUI WOO

Objects & Images

Key Events

Global Events
Local Events

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act takes effect nationwide, prohibiting immigration from China and denying paths to citizenship for most Chinese Americans in the United States; Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Associated (CCBA) founded in New York the following year.

1927 Civil war in China between Kuomintang (KMT) nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek and Chinese Communist Party (CCP) led by Mao Zedong begins.

1933 Chinese Hand Laundry Alliance (CHLA) founded in New York City by laundry workers

1938 CHLA members march in Manhattan to support China against Japanese invasion 

1940 China Daily News founded in New York, published until 1989 

1943 Chinese Exclusion technically ends when the US and China ally during World War II; quotas don’t change until 1965

1952 CHLA members who support the People’s Republic of China (PRC) after communist victory in 1949 are targeted by the FBI and imprisoned under the Trading with the Enemy Act

1978 Laundry worker and writer Tung Pok Chin publishes the memoir Paper Son, One Man’s Story; his wife Wing Fong Chin goes on to help lead the 1982 Chinatown garment worker’s strike

Key Events

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act takes effect nationwide, prohibiting immigration from China and denying paths to citizenship for most Chinese Americans in the United States; Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Associated (CCBA) founded in New York the following year.
1927
Civil war in China between Kuomintang (KMT) nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek and Chinese Communist Party (CCP) led by Mao Zedong begins.
1933 Chinese Hand Laundry Alliance (CHLA) founded in New York City by laundry workers
1938 CHLA members march in Manhattan to support China against Japanese invasion 
1940 China Daily News founded in New York, published until 1989 
1943
Chinese Exclusion technically ends when the US and China ally during World War II; quotas don’t change until 1965
1952 CHLA members who support the People’s Republic of China (PRC) after communist victory in 1949 are targeted by the FBI and imprisoned under the Trading with the Enemy Act
1978 Laundry worker and writer Tung Pok Chin publishes the memoir Paper Son, One Man’s Story; his wife Wing Fong Chin goes on to help lead the 1982 Chinatown garment worker’s strike