nativism

Between 1820 and 1860, 3.7 million immigrants landed in New York Harbor—at a time when the city’s population numbered less than one million. No laws existed to regulate or curtail the flow of newcomers. Economic and political unrest propelled people across the Atlantic, including more than half a million Irish fleeing famine from 1845-1851. ... Read More

Meet the Activists

  • Thomas Nast
    Thomas Nast
  • John Hughes
    John Hughes
  • Samuel F. B. Morse
    Samuel F. B. Morse

Key Events

Global Events
Local Events

1777 New York’s new state constitution allows freedom of religion

1786 The city’s first Catholic church, St. Peter’s, opens

1815 End of Napoleonic Wars and of the War of 1812 usher in new era of immigration to America

1835 Samuel F. B. Morse and other New York Protestants form the Native American Democratic Association

1845 Irish potato famine begins, sets off wave of new immigration

1853 American (“Know-Nothing”) Party founded

1855 Over 50% of New York City residents are immigrants

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act is passed to stop Chinese immigrants from entering or remaining in the country

1924 National Origins Act uses quotas to limit immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe

1965 Hart-Celler Act broadens immigration for the first time since 1924

Key Events

1777 New York’s new state constitution allows freedom of religion
1786 The city’s first Catholic church, St. Peter’s, opens
1815
End of Napoleonic Wars and of the War of 1812 usher in new era of immigration to America
1835 Samuel F. B. Morse and other New York Protestants form the Native American Democratic Association
1845
Irish potato famine begins, sets off wave of new immigration
1853
American (“Know-Nothing”) Party founded
1855 Over 50% of New York City residents are immigrants
1882
Chinese Exclusion Act is passed to stop Chinese immigrants from entering or remaining in the country
1924
National Origins Act uses quotas to limit immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe
1965
Hart-Celler Act broadens immigration for the first time since 1924